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Minimally Invasive Treatment Options for Gum Disease

May 31, 2023   |   83 Views
Sugar Land Periodontics & Implant Dentistry

Gum disease, or periodontal disease, is a widespread oral health issue affecting millions of Americans. It is an inflammatory condition that affects the gums, bone, and other supporting structures of the teeth. This article aims to provide valuable information about two minimally invasive treatment options for gum disease: LANAP (Laser-Assisted New Attachment Procedure) and gum disease therapy. Seeking timely treatment for gum disease is crucial, as it not only preserves your oral health but also helps maintain overall wellbeing.

Understanding Gum Disease

Gum disease can be broadly categorized into two types: gingivitis and periodontitis.

  1. Gingivitis: Gingivitis is the earliest and mildest form of gum disease. Its symptoms include red, swollen, and bleeding gums, especially during brushing or flossing. Gingivitis can typically be reversed with good oral hygiene and professional dental cleanings.
  2. Periodontitis: When gingivitis progresses to periodontitis, the inflammation extends deeper into the gums, affecting the supporting bone and connective tissue. This may result in gum recession, tooth sensitivity, and loosening of teeth. In advanced cases, tooth loss may occur.

Various factors can increase your risk of developing gum disease, including:

  • Poor oral hygiene: Inadequate brushing and flossing can cause plaque buildup, leading to gum disease.
  • Tobacco use: Smoking or chewing tobacco increases the risk of gum disease and impairs the healing process.
  • Diabetes: People with diabetes are at a higher risk of developing gum infections due to impaired immune function.
  • Age: Gum disease is more common in older adults, with the prevalence increasing with age.
  • Medications: Certain medications, such as those that cause dry mouth, can contribute to gum disease.
  • Genetics: Some individuals may have a genetic predisposition to gum disease.
  • Hormonal changes: Fluctuations in hormone levels, such as during pregnancy, can increase the risk of gum disease.

Untreated gum disease can have severe consequences, including:

  • Tooth loss: Advanced gum disease may result in the loss of teeth due to the destruction of the supporting structures.
  • Receding gums: As gum disease progresses, the gums may recede, exposing the tooth roots and causing sensitivity.
  • Bone loss: Severe periodontal disease can lead to bone loss in the jaw, affecting the facial structure and potentially requiring bone grafting.
  • Systemic health issues: Studies have shown links between gum disease and conditions like heart disease, diabetes, and respiratory diseases. Treating gum disease can help improve overall health and wellbeing.


LANAP, or Laser-Assisted New Attachment Procedure, is a minimally invasive treatment option for gum disease. It uses a specialized laser to remove diseased gum tissue and promote regeneration of healthy tissue. This advanced technology allows our team at Sugar Land Periodontics & Implant Dentistry to treat periodontal disease effectively without resorting to traditional gum surgery.

LANAP offers numerous advantages over conventional gum surgery:

  • Less invasive: LANAP does not require scalpels or sutures, making it less invasive than traditional gum surgery.
  • Faster healing: The laser technology used in LANAP promotes faster healing and tissue regeneration compared to conventional surgical methods.
  • Reduced pain and discomfort: Patients undergoing LANAP typically experience less pain and discomfort during and after the procedure.
  • Minimal gum recession: LANAP targets only the diseased gum tissue, preserving healthy tissue and minimizing gum recession.
  • Less tooth sensitivity: Since LANAP helps preserve healthy gum tissue, it reduces the risk of tooth sensitivity after treatment.

During the LANAP procedure, the laser selectively targets and removes diseased gum tissue while preserving healthy tissue. The laser also helps eliminate bacteria that cause gum disease and promotes clot formation, creating a stable environment for the gums to heal and reattach to the tooth roots. This innovative procedure promotes the regeneration of healthy gum tissue, bone, and ligament, offering a comprehensive solution to periodontal disease.

Gum Disease Therapy

In addition to LANAP, there are other minimally invasive treatment options available for gum disease:

  1. Scaling and root planing: This non-surgical deep cleaning procedure removes plaque and tartar from tooth surfaces and smooths the root surfaces to promote gum reattachment.
  2. Guided tissue regeneration: This treatment involves placing a special membrane between the gum tissue and bone to stimulate bone and tissue regeneration.
  3. Localized antibiotic therapy: Antibiotics can be applied directly to the affected gum areas to help control the infection.

Minimally invasive gum disease therapies, such as LANAP and the treatments mentioned above, provide effective alternatives to traditional gum surgery. They focus on preserving healthy gum tissue, reducing discomfort, and promoting faster healing, making them more appealing to patients.

Minimally invasive gum disease therapies offer numerous benefits, including:

  • Preserving healthy tissue: These treatments are less invasive and selectively target diseased tissue while preserving healthy tissue.
  • Faster healing: Minimally invasive procedures often result in shorter recovery times and quicker healing.
  • Reduced pain and discomfort: Patients usually experience less pain and discomfort with minimally invasive treatments compared to traditional gum surgery.
  • Improved patient experience: The overall experience is more comfortable and less daunting for patients, making them more likely to seek treatment and maintain good oral health.


The importance of seeking timely treatment for gum disease cannot be overstated. As we have explored, gum disease not only affects your oral health but also has a significant impact on your overall wellbeing. By understanding the risks and consequences of gum disease, you can take proactive steps to protect and maintain your dental health.

If you are experiencing any signs of gum disease, such as swollen or bleeding gums, gum recession, or tooth sensitivity, it is essential to schedule an appointment with us as soon as possible. Early intervention can help prevent the progression of gum disease and preserve the health of your teeth and gums.

At Sugar Land Periodontics & Implant Dentistry, our skilled team, including Dr. Mathur and Dr. Patel, is dedicated to providing you with the highest quality of care. We believe in utilizing advanced technology and minimally invasive treatment options like LANAP and other gum disease therapies to ensure a comfortable and effective treatment experience for our patients.

Contact Sugar Land Periodontics & Implant Dentistry today to schedule an appointment with our experienced team. We are excited to welcome you as a new patient and help you achieve optimal oral health. Together, we can tackle gum disease and ensure that you enjoy a beautiful, healthy smile for years to come.

Dr. Hiru Mathur

Dr. Hiru Mathur, a board certified Periodontist since 1999, brings expertise in Periodontal & Implant Surgery. As an Assistant Clinical Professor at the University of Texas, Houston, she remains devoted to refining clinical skills. A star ambassador for Asian American Family Services, Dr. Mathur is committed to community well-being. She proudly aligns with esteemed organizations such as the American Dental Association, American Academy of Periodontology, and more.

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